A country in South America on the Pacific coast, crossed throughout its length by the Andes; population 29,547,000 (est. 2009); capital, Lima; languages, Spanish and Quechua.
Ancient civilizations and modern life
The genius of the Inca architects is evident in the ruins left standing today. At Machu Picchu, the terrain is so jagged that only 35% of the territory has been examined. The harsh surroundings are strategic to Machu Picchu, lending this sanctuary a fusion of beauty and harmony with nature. Mountain-top views from this ancient citadel are a photographer's dream. Cusco, capital of the Inca dynasty, was once a holy city. As a result, many splendid styles of architecture are found here. Contemporary Cusco is surrounded by sculpted agricultural terraces from long ago. Our guides reveal the wonders of ancient civilizations, and reveal the Inca influence in contemporary life, too.
The Inca civilisation originated in the highlands of Peru in the early 13th century. Man’s oldest occupation in the America’s traces to the sacred City of Caral-Supe. The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The Spanish didn’t conquer the last Inca stronghold until 1572.
Peru is the sixth largest producer of gold in the world. Cotahuasi Canyon in the Arequipa region is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. Peru claims 1,625 types of orchids and is a surfer’s paradise. At 4 km long, Chicama boasts the world’s longest left-handed wave, and Mancora the world’s largest left-handed point-break.
If you are captivated by the Incas, our Legacy of the Incas tour is sure to enchant. Until discovered by Hiram Bingham, the citadel of Machu Picchu (known as the Lost City of the Incas) had been lost to the Amazon jungle for hundreds of years. Wander and explore these amazing ruins surrounded by soaring peaks at your own pace.